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In more recent years, parents are becoming increasingly aware of the consequences of a high fat and high sugar diet and are making more effort to reduce their children's consumption of sugar and fat. However, in an attempt to stop giving them sugary cakes, ice cream and cookies, we tend to pass them the savoury snacks instead- a switch that can similarly damage children's health.
Salt is a topic that is not as often brought up among children and teens, yet it can pose health problems in the long term that are as serious as eating a high sugar and fat diet. Salt, much like sugar, is hiding in the everyday "healthy" foods we offer our children.
Few of us realize that other commonly thought of as nutritious foods such as breads, breakfast cereals, pre-prepared vegetable soups, pasta sauces, and canned foods like beans, chickpeas, or tuna are culprits too. Even cheese can contain a whopping amount of sodium. “Don’t be fooled—one cheese sandwich can contain 1,000mg of sodium or more. That’s already the entire daily allowance for a three-year-old in a single sandwich. Add a slice of ham to that sandwich and you’re way over the limit,” Sydney-based pediatric nutritionist Mandy Sacher says.
According to the American Association of Pediatrics (AAP), an estimated 3.5% of all children and teens in the United States have high blood pressure, however, the condition often goes undetected and untreated.
For ages one to three, the recommended amount of sodium is just 1,000-1,500 mg per day; ages four to eight, no more than 1,900 mg sodium per day, and even at ages nine to thirteen, the recommendation is slightly less than one teaspoon of salt—2,200mg sodium per day. (According to the World Health Organization, no one should eat more than one teaspoon of salt per day).
Tips for reducing sodium intake:
Reduce salt slowly in your cooking so your family’s taste buds can adapt.
Leave salt shakers and condiments off the table.
Choose low sodium soy sauce, stocks, and soups.
Buy canned fish like tuna in spring water rather than brine.
Rinse canned chickpeas and vegetables, and even olives well before serving.
Choose low sodium snacks like low sodium crackers with almond butter, no salt added-peanut butter on apple slices, hummus with pita bread, or fresh fruits and vegetables.